Professor Ali Paya


Name Professor Ali Paya
Position Professor of Philosophy
Department Department of Philosophy Specialties

Philosophy & Methodology of Science; Modern Islamic Thought; Islam & Democracy

Email Address
apaya@islamic-college.ac.uk Phone Number 020 8451 9993

Biography:

Educated at the Sharif University of Technology (Electronic Engineering), University of Tehran (Philosophy) and the University of London (UCL) (Philosophy of Science), Ali Paya is a Professor of Philosophy at the Islamic College (London), Professor of Philosophy of Science at the Sciences and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (Tehran). Professor Paya is the author of Analytic Philosophy: Problems and Prospects which received the award for the best philosophy book of 2003 in Iran. His most recent publications include, Iraq, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World (co-editor 2012), The Misty Land of Ideas and the Light of Dialogue: An Anthology of Comparative Philosophy: Western & Islamic (editor, 2014), A Critical Pathology of the Social Sciences and Humanities in Iran (co-author, 2015), Analytic Philosophy from a Critical Rationalist Point of View (2016), Habermas and Iranian Intellectuals (co-author 2016), Greh Goshaee Be Shiveh-ye Philosophan va Mohandesan (Problem-solving in Accordance with the Approaches of Philosophers and Engineers: Essays Concerning Science, Technology and Science Policy) (2017), Rah va Rasm-e Manzel-ha (Tools of the Trade: Essays on, and from the viewpoint of, Human Sciences) (2018),and Islam, Modernity and a New Millennium: Themes from a Critical Rationalist Reading of Islam (2018).

Research and Publications (1): Books (including authored books, edited anthologies & translations in English & Persian) Published and Forthcoming

Forthcoming

  • A new enlarged, annotated edition of Mortada Motahhari, Understanding the Islamic Sciences, with a new introduction, London ICAs Press, 2019.
  • Methods and Perspectives in Islamic Sciences, London: ICAS Press, 2019.

Published

  • Andishe Mostaqbal (Thinking about the Future: Essays Concerning Futures Studies), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Research, 2018.
  • Islam, Modernity and a New Millennium: Themes from a Critical Rationalist Reading of Islam, London & New York: Routledge, 2018. This book was awarded on 15th May 2018 by the Iranian Embassy in London as one of the three best scholarly books on Iran and Islam published in 2017-early 2018.
  • Rah va Rasm-e Manzel-ha (Tools of the Trade: Essays on, and from the viewpoint of, Human Sciences), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Research, 2018.
  • Greh Goshaee Be Shiveh-ye Philosophan va Mohandesan (Problem-solving in Accordance with the Approaches of Philosophers and Engineers: Essays Concerning Science, Technology and Science Policy), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Research, 2017.
  • A Persian Translation of “A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, John Losee, Oxford University Press, 3rd English edition, 2001,” Tehran: Samt University Press, 9th expanded Persian edition (translator & co-author with Jalal Besharati), 2017.
  • Analytic Philosophy from the Perspective of Critical Rationalism, Tehran: Tarh-e Naqd Publications, 2016.
  • Habermas and Iranian Intellectuals (with Mohammad Amin Ghaneirad), Tehran: Tarh-e Naqd, 2016.
  • A Critical Pathology of the Underdevelopment of Social and Human Sciences in Iran (with H. Ebrahimabadi & B. Arvin), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Studies, 2015.
  • A Survey of Some of the Futures Studies Exercises in Different Countries: Themes from the West and the East (editor), Tehran: National Research Institute for Science Policy, 2015.
  • The Misty Land of Ideas and the Light of Dialogue: An Anthology of Comparative Philosophy- Western & Islamic, edited by, Ali Paya, London: ICAS Press, 2014, second edition.
  • Iraq, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World, edited by Ali Paya & John Esposito, London & New York: Routledge, 2012.
  • Socio-Ethical Consequences of Convergent Technologies (with R. Kalantarinezhad), Tehran: National Research Institute for Science Policy, Summer 2011.
  • Technology, Culture and Ethics, Tehran: Pazhoheshgah-e Farhang, Honar va Ertebatat-e Islami (Institute for Culture, Art and Islamic Relations), 2009.
  • University, Scientific Thinking, Innovation, and the Public Sphere, Tehran: Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, 2005.
  • Cultural Studies in the Light of Futures Studies, edited by Ali Paya and Hossein Raghfar, Tehran: National Research Institute for Science Policy & Institute for Management and Planning Studies, 2005.
  • Epistemology and Methodology of Futures Studies, Tehran: National Research Institute for Science Policy & Institute for Management and Planning Studies, 2005.
  • Modern Technologies and Culture, Tehran: Institute of Culture and Technology, 2005.
  • Analytic Philosophy: Problems and Prospects, Tarh-e Nou, Tehran, 2003. (Winner of the Book of the Year Prize (Iran, 2004)
  • Think-Tanks: An Engine for Growth in the Twenty-first Century, Tehran: Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, 2004.
  • Chief editor, supervising the Persian translation of Manuel Castlls Trilogy: The Information Society (The Rise of the Network Society (1996), The Power of Identity (1997), and End of Millennium (1998) OUP), Tehran: Tarh-e No, 2003.
  • A Persian Translation of “Kant, Roger Scruton, Oxford University Press,” Tehran, Tarh-e Nou, 1996. Second edition 2003.
  • Dialogue in the Real World: Quixotic Pursuit or Sine Qua Non?, International Centre for Dialogue Among Civilizations in collaboration with Tarh-e Nou, Tehran, 2002.
  • A Persian Translation of “The Lesson of this Century, Karl Popper, Routledge, 1998,” Tehran, Tarh-e Nou, 1998.
  • A Persian Translation of A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, John Losee, Oxford University Press, 4th English edition, 2001, Tehran: Samt University Press, 4th Persian edition, 2017 (with a completely new chapter added by the author with the assistance of Jalal Besharati) ; First Persian edition from second English edition, Oxford University Press, 1980, published by Markaz-e Nashr-e Daneshgahi (The Iranian University Press), 1982.
  • Philosophy: A Text for College Students, Tehran, Ministry of Education (The Organisation for Producing Primary and Secondary School Text Books), 1981.
  • History of the World in the Twentieth Century: A Text Book for the Sixth-Formers, Tehran, Ministry of Education (The Organisation for Producing Primary and Secondary School Text Books), 1981.

Research and Publications (2): Journal Articles, Book Chapters, and Reviews (in English & Persian)

Forthcoming

  •  “On the impossibility of ‘Islamic Sciences’”, Journal for General Philosophy of Science.
  • Review of What is Islam: The Importance of Being Islamic, by Shehab Ahmed, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016, Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies.
  • Review of The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology, edited by Sabine Schmidtke, OUP, 2016, Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies.
  • Review of Mohammad Baqir Al-Sadr, The Logical Foundations of Induction, Translated by Talib Janabi, London: University Press of London, 2016, Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies.
  • Review of Peter Adamson, Philosophy in the Islamic World (Volume three of A History of Philosophy without any Gaps), Oxford: OUP, 2016, Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies.
  • “The Disenchantment of Reason: An Anti-rational Trend in Modern Shi‘i Thought- Tafkikis”, Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies.
  • “A Critical Assessment of ʿAllāmah Ṭabāṭabāʾī’s Methodological Approach and methods of interpretation in his Magnum Opus, Tafsīr al-Mizan from a Critical Rationalist Point of View”, Journal of Shiʻa Islamic Studies.

Published

  • “Critical Rationalism as a Theoretical Framework for Futures Studies and Foresight”, Futures, no. 96, 2018, pp. 104-114.
  • “Fotowwat (Altruistic Magnanimity),  Javānmardī (Chivalry) and Pahlevānī (Ethical Heroism) in the Iranian-Shi’i Thought”, Ishraq: Islamic Philosophy, 2018.
  • “Further Replies to Critics Concerning the Epistemic Status of Fiqh”, “Sadra, A Specialist Quarterly for Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 7, Autumn 2017.
  • “A Popperian (Critical Rationalist) Approach to Religion”, in Karl Popper and the Problem of Change, edited by Halil Rahman Acar, Ankara: Research Institute for Philosophical Foundations of Disciplines, 2017.
  • “The Epistemic Status of Fiqh”, International Journal of Islam, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017.
  • “How to Promote ‘Modern Critical Thinking’ in the Context of Islamic Studies in Virtual Environment?” in E-Learning and Islamic Studies: An International Conference, edited by Morteza Rezaee, London: ICAS Press, 2107.
  • “If Shariati Was Among Us Today” (co-authored with Hossein Paya), Azadi-ye Andishe, No. 4, Summer 2017.
  • Persian translation of “Transdisciplinary Approach: A Critical Appraisal from an ‘Islamic Perspective’”, in Farhangestn-e Ulum, the Journal of the Iranian Academy of Science, No. 61, Spring 2017.
  • “Fiqh and Engineering: Replies to Some Critiques”, Sadra, A Specialist Quarterly for Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 20, Winter 2016, pp. 224-244.
  • “How to Improve the Efficiency of Human Sciences?”, Journal of Methodology of Human Sciences, Vol. 21, Number 84, 2016.
  •  “A Critical Assessment of the Programme of ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 2015, Vol. 29, No. 4, 311–335. (This paper was published in summer 2016 however its publication date is backdated due to the Journal’s being behind its usual calendar.)
  • “Some Critical Observations Concerning the Epistemological Status of Fiqh”, Sadra: A Specialist Quarterly for Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 17, Spring 2016, pp. 172-177.
  • “Social, Economic, Political, and Intellectual Changes in Iran since 1960s” (Paya, et.al.) in, Handbook of Wellbeing and Quality of Life in the Islamic World, edited by: Richard Estes & Habib Tiliouine, Springer, 2016.
  •  “Faqih as Engineer: A Critical Assessment of the Epistemological Status of Fiqh”, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 33 (1), 2016, pp. 25-51. A Persian translation of this paper has appeared in the Iranian Journal of Knowledge Studies in the Islamic University, No. 63, Summer 2015, pp. 173-198.
  • “Transdisciplinary Approach: A Critical Appraisal from an ‘Islamic Perspective’”, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), Vol, 32, No. 1, 2015, pp. 23-48. A Persian translation of this paper has appeared in Nameh Farhangestan Ulum (The Journal of the Iranian Academy of Sciences), New Series, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 87-120.
  • Review of ‘East and West: Allama Jafari on Bertrand Russell, by Seyed Javad Miri, University Press of America, Inc. 2013’, Philosophy East and West, Vol. 65, 2015.
  • “What and How Can We Learn from the Quran: A Critical Rationalist Perspective”, Islamic Studies, 53, no. 3, 2014, pp. 175-200.
  • “Abdolkarim Soroush: A Hesitant Rationalist,” Ishraq: Islamic Philosophy Yearbook, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Philosophy, No: 6, 2015, pp. 264-272.
  •  “Islamic Philosophy: Past, present, and Future”, Philosophical Traditions, Royal Institute of Philosophy, 2014, pp. 265-321.
  •  “Acquiring Knowledge with a Critical Mind”, Islam Today, September/October 2014
  • Issue 23, Vol. 2, pp. 16 – 19.
  •  “Scepticism and the Problem of Acquiring Genuine Knowledge: Ghazzali and Popper”, in The Misty Land of Ideas and the Light of Dialogue: An Anthology of Comparative Philosophy- Western & Islamic, edited by, Ali Paya, ICAS Press, 2013.
  • “Is ‘Islamic Human Sciences’ Possible?”, Journal of Religious Studies, Vol. 1. No. 1. 2013.
  • “Muslims and Modernity: After Two and a Half Centuries What Have We Learnt?
  • A Meta-Study of the Main Lessons of an Eventful Encounter”, Islam and Civilisational Studies, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2013, pp. 548-561.
  •  “Imam Ali’s theory of Justice Revisited”, Journal of Shia Islamic Studies, Vol. VI, No. 1, 2013, pp. 5-30.
  • “Is Innovation Rule-based?” Journal of Science & Technology Policy, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2013, pp. 79-102.
  • “How indigenous are ‘indigenous sciences’? The Case of ‘Islamic Sciences’”, in Asia, Europe, and the Emergence of Modern Science: Knowledge Crossing Boundaries, edited by Aron Bala, Palgrave, 2012, pp. 147-166.
  • “Religious Technology: Nature and Possibility”, Journal of Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 18, no. 73, pp. 7-51.
  • Review of Michelangelo’s Finger: An Exploration of Everyday Transcendence by Raymond Tallis, 2010. London: Atlantic Books, in Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2012, pp. 236-238.
  • “Two Unorthodox Methods for Popularising Science”, Journal for Popularising Science, Vol. 1, No. 1. 2012, pp. 8-16.
  • Review of Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences, By Ali Zaidi (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2011), Oxford Journal of Islamic Studies Volume 23, Issue 3, May 2012, pp. 403-406.
  •  “Islamic Democracy: A Valid Concept or an Oxymoron?”, in Iraq, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World, edited by Ali Paya & John Esposito, London & New York: Routledge, 2011.
  • “Introduction”, Iraq, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World, edited by Ali Paya & John Esposito, London & New York: Routledge, 2011.
  • “The Shape of the Coming Global Civil Society: Suggestions for a Possible Islamic Perspective” in The Islamic Philosophy Yearbook “Ishraq” edited by Janis Esots, published by the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2011, No. 2, pp. 290-305. Another version of the paper was published in: ZNAKOVI VREMENA •SARAJEVO •JESEN 2016 -PROLJEĆE 2017 •GODINA XIX-XX •DVOBROJ 74/75 [SIGNS OF THE TIME • Sarajevo • Winter 2016 – Spring 2017 • Vol. XIX-XX • No. 74-75], pp. 99-117.
  • “The Misguided Conception of Objectivity in Humanities and Social Sciences”, in The Crisis of the Human Sciences False Objectivity and the Decline of Creativity, Edited by Thorsten Botz-Bornstein, Kuwait: Gulf University for Science & Technology Publications, 2011, pp. 151-184.
  • Review of Resistance: The Essence of the Islamic Revolution by Alastair Crooke, 2009, Pluto Press, in Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2011, pp. 341-344.
  • Review of Science and Islam: A History by Ehsan Masood, BBC Publications, 2009, in the Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2011, pp. 231-233.
  • “Futures Studies in Iran: Learning through Trial and Error” (With H. Shoraka), Futures, Volume 42, Issue 5, June 2010, Pages 484-495.
  • Textbook: Ethics, UK Islamic College for Advanced Studies (Affiliated to Middlesex University), 2010, (Available on-line for the College’s Postgraduate Distance Learning Programme).
  • Textbook: Western Philosophy, UK Islamic College for Advanced Studies (Affiliated to Middlesex University), 2009, (Available on-line for the College’s Postgraduate Distance Learning Programme).
  •  “The Reception of Kant and his Philosophy in Iran” (with Malekeh Shahi), Journal of Shia Islamic Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2010, pp. 25-40.
  •  “A philosophical assessment of the implications of the issue of human dignity for medical researches”, Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, 2008; 1:5, pp. 27-44.
  •  “The Developments of the Philosophy of Science from the Beginning to the Present: A Cursory Overview”, Iranian Journal of Philosophical Investigations, Vol.1, No.2, 2008.
  • “The notion of ‘Fotowwat‘ [altruistic magnanimity] in the Persian Athletic Sports”, in Martina Ghosh-Schellhorn and Roland Marti (Eds.) Jouer selon les règles du jeu – Playing by the Rules of the Game – Spielen nach den Spielregeln, Reihe: Transcultural Anglophone Studies 2008.
  • “Is Globalization a Dialogue Among Civilizations?” in Religious Thought, Vol. 20, Spring 2008.
  • Textbook: Comparative Epistemology (Islamic and Western Perspectives), UK Islamic College for Advanced Studies (Affiliated to Middlesex University), April 2008, (Available on-line for the College’s Postgraduate Distance Learning Programme).
  • Textbook: Methods and Perspectives in Social Sciences and Islamic studies, UK Islamic College for Advanced Studies (Affiliated to Middlesex University), August 2008, (Available online for the College’s Postgraduate Distance Learning Programme).
  •  “Jonathan Dancy’s Particularism: A Critical Assessment”, The International Journal of Humanities, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 127 – 155, 2008.
  • “Public Understanding of Science: A Philosophical Appraisal,” Journal of Science Policy, Vol. 1, No.1, 2008.
  • “A Potent Weapon in the Battle for Hearts and Minds?” Review of Education in the Muslim World: different perspectives, by Rosarii Griffin (Ed), Oxford: Symposium Books, 2006, Higher Education Review, Vol. 40, No. 3, Summer, 2008.
  •  “Hesitant Rationalism”, The CSD Bulletin, Vol. 15, No. 1, Winter 2007-2008.
  • “In Defence of Universal Moral Principles and Values”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Muslim World in Transition, Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University Press, 2007, pp. 473-493.
  • “Iran’s Tryst with Democracy,” Seminar (Special Issue on: Experiments with Democracy), edited by: Peter de Sousa, No. 576, August 2007.
  • “Habermas and Iranian Intellectuals,” (with Mohammad Ghaneirad), Iranian Studies, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007.
  • “A Critical Assessment of Dancy’s Particularist Approach to Ethics,” Dr Jahangiri’s Festschrift, Tehran: Hermes Publications, 2007.
  • “Critical Rationalism and Situational Logic: An Effective Approach to the Philosophy of Education”, Educational Innovation Quarterly, 2007.
  • “The Philosopher and the Revolutionary State: How Karl Popper’s Ideas Shaped the Views of Iranian Intellectuals,” Ali Paya and Mohammad Ghanei-rad, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, July 2006, pp. pp. 185 – 213.
  • “Quantum Physics: A Case for Anti-Realism?” Hekmat va Falsafeh (Wisdom and Philosophy), the Academic Journal of Philosophy Department, Allameh Tabatabaee University, Vol. 2, No. 2. July 2006.
  • “Secular Democracy – Theologizing Politics”, Learning for Democracy, Vol. 2, No.3, 2006.
  •  “Popper in Iran,” in Karl Popper: A Centenary Assessment, edited by Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford, David Miller, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.
  •  “Recent Developments in Shi’i Thought” in Islamic Democratic Discourse: Theory, Debates, and Philosophical Perspectives ed. by M.A. Muqtedar Khan, New York and Oxford: Lexington Books, 2006, pp.123-148.
  •  “What Does Dialogue Entail: The Broad Perspectives,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Environment, Peace and the Dialogue among Civilizations and Cultures, UNESCO Publications, 2005.
  • “Bazargan: A Paradigm for Religious Intellectuals,” in Bazargan: The Pure Way: Proceedings of the Conference in Commemoration of Mahdi Bazrgan, Tehran: Kavir Publications, 2005.
  •  “Critical Shiʻites”, The CSD Bulletin, Vol. 11/2- Vol. 12/1, winter 2004-5.
  •  “Dialogue among Civilisations: The Theoretical Framework and an Actual Manifestation of an Idea,” in Dialogue Among Civilisations: Collection of Essays in Honour of President Mohammad Khatami, Tehran: Winter 2004-2005.
  • For Scientific Realism and Against Constructive Empiricism,” Science & Metaphysics: Dr. Yusuf Ali-Abadi Festschrift, Tehran: Iranian Academy of Philosophy, 2004.
  • Review of Intellectuals and the State in Iran: Politics, Discourse, and Dilemma of Authenticity, by Negin Nabavi, Gainsville: University Press of California, 2003, published in Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 15, No. 3. Sep. 2004.
  • “Civil Society in Iran: Past, Present and the Future,” in Exploring Civil Society: Political and Cultural Contexts, Edited by Marlies Glasius, David Lewis and Hakan Seckinelgin, London: Routledge, September 2004.
  •  “Karl Popper and the Iranian Intellectuals,” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 20, No.2, 2003, pp. 50-79.
  •  “Iran in the Twenty-first Century: Prospect for a Cultural Renaissance?” Sharaf Nameh (Dr. Sharafuddin Khorasani’s Festschrift), Hermes Publications, 2003.
  • “Dialogue in the Real World,” International Journal of Applied Philosophy, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2002, pp. 201-222.
  • “The Importance of Dialogue,” CSD Bulletin, Summer 2002, Vol. 9, No. 2.
  • “Reciprocal Knowledge and the Philosophy of Heart: Can Situational Logic and Dialogue Help?” Proceedings of the Conference: Acte des Premiéres Assises Internationales de la Connaissance Réciproque, Bruxelles, September 2002, pp. 94-112.
  • Review of Richard Khuri’s Freedom, Modernity and Islam: Toward a Creative Synthesis, Journal of Law and Religion, Spring 2001.
  • “The Future of Democracy in Iran”, CSD Bulletin, Summer 2000, Vol. 7, No. 2.
  • “Islam, Christianity, and Judaism: Can they ever live peacefully together?” Dialogue, Vol. 2, No. 3, Spring 2001.
  • “Muslim Identity and Civil Society: Whose Islam? Which Society?” Book Extra Publications, London, 2000.
  • “Philosophers Against Truth: The Cases of Harré and Laudan” The International Studies in Philosophy of Science Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 255-284, 1995.
  • “What is this thing called Islamic ethics: Review of Ethical Theories in Islam, Majid Fakhry [1991]” The Muslim News, August 1994, p.7.
  • “Critical Review of Islam and Modernism, by V.Martin, Tauris & Co., London, Crescent International, January 1992.
  •  “Universities: How Can They Help Us Build A Better World?” (With N. Maxwell), in Modern Science in Crisis: A Third World Response, Third World Network Publications, Penang, 1988.

Teaching

  • Islamic College: Postgraduate courses in Comparative Epistemology, Ethics, Methods and Perspectives in Islamic Studies, Western Philosophy; Undergraduate courses in Western Philosophy, Muslim Social and Political Thought.
  • University of Westminster: Postgraduate courses in Islam & Democracy; Islam & Modernity; Human Sciences; an Undergraduate course in Islam & Politics in the Middle East.
  • Azad University: PhD Courses in Philosophy of Social Sciences
  • Sharif University of Technology: PhD Courses in Philosophical, Sociological and Ethical Aspects of Sciences & Technology Policy.
  • Tarbiyat Modares University: Postgraduate courses in Western Philosophy, Philosophy of Science
  • Amir Kabir University: Postgraduate courses in Western Philosophy
  • Allameh Tabatabaee University: Postgraduate courses in Modern Western Philosophy
  • University of Tehran: Postgraduate courses in Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Language, Epistemology; Undergraduate courses in History of Philosophy, Ethics.
  • Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations: A Postgraduate course entitled, “Muslim Responses to Modernity and Postmodern Theories”

Resources:

Please find a full CV as well as Book titles published by Professor Ali Paya